Praying for rain - special ritual of Cham ethnic minority


The Cham ethnic minority group has preserved many traditional cultural rituals, one of them being the praying-for-rain festival which prays for favourable weather and bumper crops. 

The Cham group has a population of about 130,000, who mainly live in the southern central provinces of Ninh Thuan, Binh Thuan, Binh Dinh, Phu Yen, and southern provinces of An Giang, Dong Nai, Tay Ninh and Ho Chi Minh City. 

Relying on wet-rice farming, the Cham group conduct the ritual annually in the second lunar month to thank the gods for giving water for cultivation. 

Recently, the praying for rain festival has been re-enacted at the Viet Nam National Village for Ethnic Culture and Tourism. 

Offerings for the ceremony are arranged on a colourful estrade made from four stumps of Bombax ceiba trees. 

The offerings include a pig head, two cocks, two wine jars, wax and a cup of rice. The estrade is attached to a Neu pole, which is designed in the form of wings of the Ktang bird - a symbol of peace in Cham people’s beliefs. 

The village’s patriarch goes first, followed by two village shamans, called ‘oi quai’ and village’s youths. All of them go around the estrade before the ceremony taking place. 

The village’s patriarch represents the villagers to express their wishes to the gods and toss two coins to predict whether the gods accept their request or not. If the two coins fall down with different faces up, it means the gods accept their request. 

After that, a shaman throw the rice and alcohol to all the west, north, east and south directions to invite the gods to join the celebration with the villagers. 

Local women hold bunches of bamboo strings and stroke them in the air in order to make the sound of wind. Meanwhile, the men beat K’toang drums and gongs to create the sound of thunder. 

At the end of the ritual, everyone sips alcohol from a shared cup, celebrating a year of good weather and bumper crops. 

The Praying for rain festival is an inseparable part of the Cham people’s daily life. It not only conveys a message for a year of favourable natural conditions and good harvests but through which the community’s unity is vibrantly expressed.

Comment

7628E

Chúng tôi mong muốn các bạn lịch sự lúc comment và không chèn link vào đây !
We want you to be polite at comment and do not insert link here ...

Relase

Xoan Singing

Xoan singing is a folk cultural product of Phú Thọ province. The last point of time that Xoan accompany still sang in communal houses of the villages in spring was in 1945. Fortunately, ...

. 9/7/2016
Dan Nhi Two-string Fiddle

The Dan Nhi is popular among several ethnic groups in Vietnam. It is also referred to as Dan Co in southern provinces of Viet Nam. The Dan Nhi is somewhat a sort of vertical violin with ...

. 9/7/2016
Conical Hat or Non La

Take a peasant’s common conical hat, add a touch of this and a little of that, and you will have the idea, but not quite an authentic Non Bai Tho or “Poetical Leaf” from Central ...

. 9/7/2016
Ao Dai

The beauty of women dressed in ao dai always leaves a deep impression on foreign visitors to Vietnam. Girl students dressed in white long robes take to streets on the way to schools or back home, ...

. 9/7/2016
The New Year Tree

In the countryside, preparations come to and end with the raising of the New Year tree or Cay Neu in Vietnamese. The New Year tree is a piece of a bamboo five or six yards long is stripped ...

. 9/7/2016
The Beauty Of Ao Dai Hue

Many people say that residents of Hue (the old imperial city of Vietnam during 1802-1945), from the members of reputed families to ordinary traders and retailers, are always decent ...

. Thừa Thiên Huế 9/7/2016
The Best Way To Prevent Malaria in Vietnam

Most parts of Vietnam have minimal risk of malaria, especially in city areas. However, in some rural areas such as Ca Mau, Bac Lieu, and other rural area in the South, the risk of contracting ...

. 9/7/2016
Ao dai – Piquancy of Hue

Many people say that residents of Hue (the old imperial city of Vietnam during 1802-1945), from the members of reputed families to ordinary traders and retailers, are always decent ...

. Thừa Thiên Huế 9/7/2016